What Are The First Signs Of Hiv – Medically Reviewed by Elizabeth Thottacherry, MD – By Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA – Updated January 6, 2023

HIV can affect anyone, and some symptoms may be different for women. In addition to symptoms such as fever and skin changes, a person may experience menstrual irregularities, more common genital infections, and mood swings.

What Are The First Signs Of Hiv

What Are The First Signs Of Hiv

Among trans people surveyed in seven major US cities with HIV, two-thirds of African-American/Black trans women and one-third of Latina trans women reported having HIV.

Hiv Symptoms In Women: What Are The Early And Later Symptoms Of Aids In Women

Below we explain the symptoms of HIV in women, how doctors diagnose the condition, and what treatments are available.

Gender and sexuality exist on a spectrum. In this article, the terms “male,” “female,” or both will refer to the sex assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.

Within a few weeks of HIV infection, the body undergoes seroconversion, and the virus multiplies rapidly.

These symptoms are similar to a cold or flu, so a person may not initially associate them with HIV.

The Four Stages Of Hiv Explained

After a severe HIV infection, the virus continues to replicate at a low rate. A person may or may not have symptoms.

Treatment can slow or prevent the growth of the virus. Even without treatment, some people do not develop symptoms for up to ten years after the initial infection.

The neck may feel swollen under the chin and behind the ears. The swelling can cause swallowing problems and can last for several days to months.

What Are The First Signs Of Hiv

If a person does not receive HIV medication, the virus can cause nausea, diarrhea, difficulty swallowing, and loss of appetite.

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This means depression, which can cause feelings of hopelessness and great sadness. People can also experience depression and memory loss.

Unusual spots appear on the skin. They can be red, pink, brown or purple. These spots can appear on the mouth, eyelids or nose.

Some menstruating people with HIV have lighter or heavier periods. If a person loses weight too quickly, they may begin to experience amenorrhea.

Additionally, hormonal fluctuations can cause menstrual symptoms such as cramps, sore breasts, and fatigue to change or worsen.

Hiv Symptoms At Each Stage Of The Disease

It should be noted that menstrual changes are normal and not necessarily a symptom of HIV. However, if they show other symptoms, an HIV test may be necessary.

Although almost everyone with a genital wart has a yeast infection from time to time, HIV can make these infections more common.

When a person has HIV, the immune system uses a lot of energy to fight the virus. As a result, their bodies are not equipped to fight other diseases.


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